Top 8 ideas that refresh your mind and control your life… Critical Thinking is a workshop-like book written by Linda Elder and Richard Ball, two pioneers in the field of critical thinking. This book helps you to be effective, balanced, and energetic with contentment in life, to learn how to think, and it serves as a guide to improvement in all aspects of your life. Whatever your goals or orientations, you need the art of critical thinking. And protect you from being too soft.
Top 8 ideas that refresh your mind and control your life
In the critical thinking process, you need to learn to analyze, evaluate, observe and be aware of your thinking and you will be able to improve it. And understand that you will face “intellectual pain”, which is a term in the book that has been interpreted as pain similar to physical pain to get fit. You will not progress and grow intellectually if you do not feel intellectual pain such as the state of resistance, tension, and others.
The book includes many ideas from which eight are extracted, and these ideas serve to direct you towards critical thinking. Which develops your thinking.
8 ideas to refresh your mind and control your life
1- Empathize with others
So that you think from the other’s point of view and feel what he feels until you appreciate his point of view and understand him. This idea is called “intellectual embrace” that is: embracing what others think and feeling them as an injustice they have been subjected to and others, and this, in turn, increases the value of coexistence and peace between you and others, so how if it is understood community embraced.
While reading a book, ask yourself what you think the writer wants to say and explain it to someone else, and then review what you wrote for more accuracy and assess your understanding, from which you will know your position if you are in favor or against it.
2- Be humble, and discover your ignorance
And in order for you to work on the intellectual embrace, you must have intellectual humility so that you discover your ignorance and separate what you know and what you do not know.
Ask about a belief that seems to you to be correct and try to find an alternative source of information that represents the view that you have studied. Investigate and accept new insights.
Or you can write a list about someone you think you know and write another list of things you don’t know about him.
3- Clarify your thinking
There are criteria or standards for critical thinking, which are: clarity, accuracy, relevance, logic, and fairness. These metrics should be applied to your speech or presentation by identifying one point at a time, explaining what you mean, and giving an example related to your life experiences, and using comprehensible analogies.
Choose a topic and apply the Critical Thinking Scales to it.
4- Look beyond the phrases
Views and beliefs are based on phrases and words and are shaped in your mind and with which you see the world and those around you. So notice if someone uses a phrase to their advantage and notice your words.
Examine your words and from them determine your type of thinking, whether you are in selfish thinking or thinking taken from your society, or you are in logical thinking based on the rights of others and seek to see what things are.
5- Control your emotions
Thinking is knowledge and is a key to feelings and desires, and through thinking it is possible to change the feeling, that is: change the thinking that leads to feeling, and even change the desire, change the thinking that forms the basis for that desire. Thinking controls your emotions and decisions.
In order to control your emotions, focus on them and write about them, especially the negativity. Determine the reason that makes you feel this way, and think about what you need to change so that you do not feel these negative feelings.
6- Control your desires
Unreasonable desires destroy you or harm others, and as you begin to practice critical thinking you will be able to distinguish between desires, and you will notice how often people try to justify desires that serve them and object to what serves others, and you will not be logical and just if you follow your own selfish desires.
Watch your desired behavior and work to change this unwanted behavior.
7- Pay attention to the ideas you take from the media and advertisements
Most of what is in the media and social networks of movies, series, and others are things for entertainment, so they are superficial because they are not for education, and these materials seek to influence you either through emotional beliefs or motivate you towards revenge and in general, you have to pay attention so that they do not control you.
Monitor your daily browsing, what programs do you watch and how much time do you spend? Write this down and ask yourself: What could you accomplish if you spent less time on these views? And think about the impact on you that may appear even in your purchases, also monitor and write down the messages you receive in your day from everything that is presented to you, and this will make you choose carefully what you see later.
8- Shift from problem to solution
When you encounter a problem, do your best to solve it and look for alternative possibilities. If after all this you conclude that the solution to the problem is not in your hands, leave it and turn your mind and thinking to something else productive. This eliminates potential anxiety, and anxiety usually results when things are out of your control.
You could write a list of all the problems that worry you, then think of solutions, and if you can solve them or not, and another list of problems you are worried about and the consequences of that anxiety, and hope that the anxiety helped you solve them! This will lead to effectiveness and get rid of anxiety. “If you can’t solve it, let the problem pass.”
With these thoughts, you improve in communicating your thoughts, asking questions, understanding others and their points of view, becoming less selfish, being able to control your impulses, desires, and behavior, becoming less controlling, more logical, and less submissive and self-centered, and you won’t have to worry about things that are not in your control. You will also comfortably admit your mistakes and seek to correct your beliefs, and you will become concerned with the rights and needs of people in the world.
- The authors of the book confirm that if you use them and do not return to your previous way of thinking and move forward, you will continue to develop as an independent thinker, and this will happen in a long period and in stages.