The secret to a Healthy Heart: Wine has been a welcome visitor since the discovery of the fruits of fermentation. Not only at dining tables, but also at weddings, religious ceremonies, and doctor’s offices.
However, only recently have experts begun to look at the real health advantages of drinking wine. And the discoveries they’ve made are enough to have any wine enthusiast lift his glass and exclaim, “Salut!”
When consumed in moderation, red wine, in particular, may help reduce cholesterol and avoid artery hardening and heart disease. It may also destroy the germs that cause food poisoning and traveler’s diarrhea, according to research. Obviously, experts do not advise individuals to start guzzling wine instead of sipping it, nor do they suggest that those who do not drink suddenly begin to do so. Rather, research suggests that moderate drinking may be a beneficial complement to a balanced diet.
The secret to a Healthy Heart
For years, doctors marveled at how their French friends could smoke, eat buttery croissants, and eat fatty pates and yet have a 2 1/2 times lower risk of heart disease than their allegedly healthier American counterparts.
The so-called French paradox is still being investigated, but it seems that the French have better hearts, at least in part due to their love for red wine. These wines include chemicals that help reduce cholesterol and prevent dangerous low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol from adhering to the lining of artery walls, causing heart disease. Red wines also prevent blood platelets from adhering to one another and creating potentially fatal clots.
Protection for the heart Red wine works to keep your pump primed in a variety of ways. At work, there are many chemical substances, some of which have several benefits. For starters, red wine’s alcohol content may be helpful. Studies show that those who consume modest quantities of alcohol have a higher risk of heart disease.
The reason for this, according to studies, is that ethanol, or alcohol, in alcoholic beverages increases levels of beneficial cholesterol, such as heart-protecting high-density lipoprotein (HDL). While beer and other alcoholic beverages offer some health advantages, wine is the only beverage that contains health-promoting polyphenols.
Wine includes strong flavonoids like quercetin, which provide excellent protection. It helps prevent the body’s harmful LDL cholesterol from oxidizing, along with other possibly beneficial substances like resveratrol. As a result, harmful LDL cholesterol is less likely to adhere to arterial walls.
By enhancing the functioning of mitochondria — small power plants within every cell of your body – resveratrol has been proven to slow down aging in mice, protect against weight gain, and improve endurance in lab tests.
“Red wine flavonoids are more potent than vitamin E, which everyone knows is an essential antioxidant,” says John D Folts, Ph.D., professor of medicine, and head of the University of Wisconsin Medical School’s coronary thrombosis Laboratory in Madison.
Keeping LDL cholesterol under control
Keeping LDL cholesterol under control helps to prevent platelets in the blood from clumping together, which is a good start against heat illness. Professor Folts and his colleagues discovered that giving reed wine to experimental animals prevented potentially hazardous clots from forming, which may cause heart attacks and strokes. “Red wine has a dual purpose,” adds Dr. Folts, “providing you with two essential advantages at the same time.”
It’s in the color scheme. We’re talking about red wine when we speak about the therapeutic potential of wine for a healthy heart. According to laboratory research conducted at the University of California, Davis, red wines may prevent LDL cholesterol from oxidizing by 46 percent to 100 percent, while white wines are less protective. Furthermore, laboratory investigations have shown that white wine lacks the capacity to prevent blood clots.
Winemaking is the reason why red wine is so much better than white wine. When making wine, vintners pour everything into the vat, including the skins, seeds, and stems. They’re all mashed together to make a thick combination known as must, which includes the beneficial flavonoids.
“According to Dr. Folts, the longer the must ferment in the alcohol, the more of these chemicals are released into the wine. The must is removed early from white wine to prevent the liquid from darkening. The must in red wine is left in for a long period, and the wine absorbs a lot of flavonoids.”
Some red wines, according to UC Davis researchers, are also high in saponins, which reduce the risk of heart disease by binding to cholesterol and limiting its absorption. Saponins may also reduce inflammation throughout the body, thereby lowering the risk of heart disease and cancer.
Red wines have 3 to 10 times the amount of saponins as white wines. Furthermore, Red Zinfandel is the best source, followed by Syrah, Pinot Noir, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Savignon Blanc and Shardonnay, two white varietals, comprise less. The saponin seems to dissolve into the wine during fermentation and may originate from the waxy grape skins. Most saponin is found in wines with the greatest alcohol level. Wine may also help you maintain a healthy weight. The Mayo Clinic studied the drinking habits and weight of 8,200 men and women.
They discovered that those who drank one or two alcoholic drinks each day were 54 percent less likely than non-drinkers to be fat. Non-drinkers and ex-drinkers were twice as likely to become fat. People who drink a glass of wine or beer every day do so with their evening meal, and it’s possible that the drink is replacing a later, high-calorie evening snack. Four or more glasses a day, on the other hand, do not make you extremely thin, but they do increase your chances of getting obese by 50%.
The secret to a Healthy Heart: Wine has anti-infective properties. Scientists from the Honolulu-based Tripler Army Medical Center discovered that red wine, white wine, and bismouth all subsalicylate against some of the most virulent intestinal bacteria, including shigella, salmonella, and E. coli, and that both red and white wines were more effective than drugs at killing harmful bacteria.
Headaches: Even a little glass of wine may trigger a lot of headaches for certain individuals who are prone to migraine headaches. A chemical found in red wine known as amines causes blood vessels in the brain to contract and then expand. This may cause excruciating headaches in sensitive individuals.
Although white wine has fewer amines that cause headaches than red wine, it also includes fewer therapeutic chemicals. So, if headaches are a concern for you, see your doctor see whether a nonalcoholic wine may help you enjoy the wonderful flavors without the discomfort.
Be aware of your limitations. Knowing when to put your glass down is the most essential advice for obtaining the greatest health advantages from your wine cellar. The daily allowance for women is one 5-ounce glass and two 5-ounce glasses for males. Experts agree, however, that if you’re prone to binge drinking or have a personal or family history of alcoholism, you’re best off avoiding alcohol altogether.
Conclusion: Secret to a Healthy Heart
Take the Gusto route. When looking for a wine with the greatest concentration of heart-healthy ingredients, opt for full-bodied, powerful types. The amount of tannin, the component that makes wine dry, and the level of therapeutic agents in red wines are inextricably linked. Cabernet Savignon, Petite Sirah, and Merlot are three of the most heart-healthy wines.