Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome
Wolff Parkinson White syndrome causes a rapid heartbeat, due to an additional electrical pathway between the upper and lower chambers of the heart.
The supplemental pathway is present at birth and is somewhat rare.
One of the most important ways in which the heart regulates its function is the electrolyte of the heart, which helps regulate the heartbeat by passing through its chambers, eventually causing the ventricular walls to contract and pumping blood throughout the body. One of the causes of arrhythmia due to this electrical malfunction is WPW, which can be associated with an acceleration of the supraventricular heart rate.
Symptoms of Wolff Parkinson White syndrome
It is worth noting in the first place that some people with Wolff Parkinson White syndrome may not notice any symptoms, and the signs in individuals vary from person to person, depending on the condition; They may develop at birth or delay to adulthood.
An increase in supraventricular heart rate, episodes of which may be interspersed with other symptoms; Like, palpitations. Feeling dizzy. Unconscious. Difficulty breathing.
The atrium pulses regularly but at a very accelerated pace. fibrillation occurs erratically and quickly.
Ventricular fibrillation forms in rare cases and the normal electrical activity of the heart is impaired causes by Wolff Parkinson’s syndrome.
The causes of WPS are generally not recognized, but a small proportion of cases are caused by a genetic disorder.
The genetic disorder includes mutations in the PRKAG2 gene, which affects the activity of an important enzyme called active protein kinase IP (AMPK), which is thought to be important for storing glycogen in cardiac muscle cells, and may be important for affecting certain ion channels in the heart; the mechanism for developing WPS is not adopted White was activated protein kinase ‘owing to the occurrence of mutations, as he was not activated in AMP-activated protein kinase by increasing or decreasing its activity.
Treatment of Wolff Parkinson White syndrome patients:
If a person is diagnosed with SIDS, there are many treatment options, and the selection of the most appropriate treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms, their presence or absence, and if not, the physician asks the patient to see if necessary for follow-up.
Here are some therapeutic options:
Surgical intervention is in which a doctor inserts a catheter through the patient’s thigh to reach the patient’s heart, destroying the source of excess electrical activity via radio wave energy.
Anti-arrhythmic drugs, including adenosine and amiodarone.
This type of treatment is used when medications do not appear to be effective and are performed by the physician by applying an electric shock to the patient’s heart after taking anaesthetics, which normalize the heart rate. Open heart surgery or surgery. Artificial Pacemaker.
Diagnosis of WPD A person is diagnosed with WPD using the following diagnostic methods:
Electrocardiogram (ECG) Patients with Wolff Parkinson’s White syndrome are diagnosed by a physician with a standard electrocardiogram (ECG); the patient’s ECG results vary from day to day or even from hour to hour, which may appear to be due to the varying degree of comfort or stress experienced during the examination, and caffeine drinking affects the ECG.
The EEG is positive and indicates Wolff Parkinson White syndrome if it detects an additional electrical pathway, with a rapid heart rate.
The health care provider monitors blood pressure and heart rate.
Locating electrolytes and pathways in the heart. Determine if these additional paths are dangerous. Complications of Wolff Parkinson’s White syndrome may occur after the patient develops.
Wolff Parkinson’s White syndrome:
A cause of heart attack. Complications of surgical procedures. Low blood pressure.
Deaths from ventricular fibrillation. Complications associated with the medications prescribed to treat these conditions.
This syndrome is not a genetic condition, but those who develop this syndrome through a mutation in the PRKAG2 gene, and who have a genetic form of the syndrome that is inherited predominant, meaning that inheriting only one copy of the gene with the mutation from either the father or the mother results in WPD.
The future of a patient with Wolff Parkinson White syndrome is not dangerous. This is because there are effective treatment options.
Parkinson’s syndrome is a movement disorder that affects the nervous system and its symptoms worsen over time. About 50,000 cases of Parkinson’s disease are diagnosed in the United States each year, and about half a million people live with the disease.