Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a famous novel. In 1850, the United States of America passed a law criminalizing anyone who helps any runaway slave.
7 Motives for writing ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’
From the reasons that prompted the writer to write the novel:
- Uncle Tom’s Cabin was against this decision, calling for freedom, and showing that slavery is evil.
- The novel showed that slavery in all circumstances was unacceptable, even if the owner of the slave was good.
- And shows the suffering of slaves, especially when the son was separated from his mother to sell him as a slave.
- In the United States of America, the slave trade became active and some people achieved wealth. But others believed that everyone was created equal.
- So the civil war erupted, ending with the abolition of slavery, and the novel consolidated and supported freedom.
- And shows through the feelings and sympathy of the reader with the story of slaves as human beings.
- The mother remains a mother and deserves to live with her son, she suicides if they take him from her.
The most important thing that happened in the novel
Arthur Shelby and his wife lived on a farm in Kentucky with their slaves, and they were in a severe financial crisis.
Arthur decided to sell two of his slaves, father Uncle Tom and son Harry, to slave hunter Hayley.
When his wife heard him, she advised Uncle Tom to run away with his family.
Arthur Shelby ordered Haley to follow them.
Uncle Tom refused to escape and Hayley took him to New Orleans, but his wife Elsa and his son Harry crossed Ohio River with the help of helpful citizens.
On the way, Uncle Tom saved a girl from drowning, which her father bought him from Holly at her request.
Throughout the novel, Tom helped all the other slaves and experienced a lot of abuse and beatings from his masters. But he didn’t stop supporting others, instilling in them a love of freedom and courage.
Until everyone looked at him as a Christian saint who helps everyone.
At the end of ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’
Tom symbolized the nobleman who is loved by everyone and tries to extend courage and strength from him.
And imitate him in taking his freedom and his right to live a decent and just life.