How does the Epstein Barr virus spread? It is one of the most common viruses that infect humans and is known for its high incidence of infectious mono.
It is named after Michael Epstein and Yvonne Barr, who contributed to the discovery of the virus in 1964 in cells from a cancerous specimen.
This sample also led to the discovery of African lymphoma, or Burkitt’s lymphoma, after Dennis Burkitt.
In the 1980s, medical researchers linked the virus to adult disease.
The disease, which had been discovered at intervals since the 1930s, was not recognized by an independent disease known as encephalomyelitis myelitis.
The symptoms are fatigue (chronic fatigue), fever, laryngitis, headache, joint and muscle pain, depression, and mental confusion; These disturbances may be prolonged over a periodic period of time, up to months or years.
No cure has yet been found for this disease. The Epstein-Barr virus is one of several viruses that contribute to the development of encephalitis and myelitis.
The situation itself is contentious. There are even doctors who are not yet convinced that there is a distinct disease.
How does the Epstein Barr virus spread?
The Epstein-Barr virus is transmitted by body fluids, specifically, saliva, where the virus can be transmitted by kissing an infected person and sharing items that can transmit saliva such as cups, spoons, toothbrushes, and utensils also increase the chance of transmission.
The Epstein-Barr virus is infectious during the long incubation period of 4 to 7 weeks and then until symptoms resolve, but some people have been found to continue spreading the virus for months after symptoms resolve for up to 18 months.
Many cases of Epstein-Barr virus infection are diagnosed through symptoms, however, blood testing helps to detect the presence of antibodies associated with the Epstein-Barr virus.
In some cases, infection with the Epstein-Barr virus leads to complications, some mild and some serious, including:
- rupture of the spleen. Anemia. Liver Inflammation. Low platelet count.
Most people infected with the Epstein-Barr virus rarely have complications or problems.
But in some cases, the Epstein-Barr virus has been linked to the development of cancers and serious diseases, including the following:
- Burkitt’s lymphoma, often in the jaw.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer.
- Rare blood diseases.
- Epstein-Barr cannot be treated with antibiotics, and symptoms go by themselves without treatment within a few weeks.
But several steps can be taken at home to treat an Epstein-Barr virus infection:
- Get plenty of rest. Drink plenty of water and fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Eat throat lozenges or gargle with warm water and salt.
- Take pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to treat fever and relieve pain.