It is a group of pathological changes affecting the lower extremities, usually resulting from complications caused by diabetes such as peripheral neuropathy, and damage to blood vessels, causing loss of sensation in the lower extremities.
Peripheral neuropathy causes the patient to become unfeeling if there is a wound or injury to the foot, causing the wound to inflame and a foot ulcer, and sometimes may result in the foot being amputated if not treated promptly.
Diabetes mellitus is the body’s failure to produce, or inability to produce, insulin, the hormone responsible for introducing sugar into cells, and this defect results in high blood sugar levels, and long periods of exposure to this rise will cause systemic problems in the body, one of which is the diabetes foot.
Usually, the primary cause of diabetic foot is chronic hyperglycemia, leading to other complications that may eventually lead to diabetes.
However, a major cause of aging diabetes is a complication of diabetes.
This disease causes fatty deposits outside the brain and heart, affecting blood vessels leading to and from the extremities, reducing blood flow to the hands and feet.
The diabetic foot may cause many symptoms. Diabetics need to know the symptoms of the first diabetic foot, as early diagnosis is necessary to avoid serious complications.
Loss of feeling and feeling in the feet. Feeling of numbness and numbness in the feet.
The appearance of a wound or pimple without pain. Change in the color of the skin on the feet. Change in the temperature of the skin on the feet.
Diabetic foot and its complications can be prevented by the following methods:
Controlling the factors that cause diabetic foot, the most important of which is controlling blood sugar levels. Adhere to an appropriate diet. Keeping feet clean.
Examination of the feet daily, by the patient or someone else, to notice any changes in them.
Trim nails carefully. Use the appropriate shoe. Moisturizing the feet, especially after the bath.