Hair loss is typically defined as an abnormally rapid loss of hair on the scalp. This can also affect youngsters, who are disproportionately affected. Hair loss is totally natural in infants, for example, if they have been laying on one side of the head for an extended period of time. If, on the other hand, hair loss happens after permanent hair growth has begun, it is critical to determine the cause.
Hair loss can be classified roughly into the following categories:
Hair loss that is localized to a certain location,
Hair loss that is widespread or generalized throughout the entire head
Hair loss that leaves scars and
Hair loss that is not permanent.
Hair loss treatment options for children
Hair loss is frequently a surprise for youngsters and their parents. The reactions of individuals in your immediate vicinity exacerbate this. It is so critical to provide emotional support to children during therapy. It is critical for the child to understand that hair loss is not a life-threatening condition. Even with hair loss, children should feel beautiful and worthwhile.
If children or teenagers suffer from hair loss, parents should avoid self-treatment and seek medical help as soon as possible. To ensure that the treatment is effective, it is vital to identify the underlying reason. Additionally, the chances of recovery are significantly improved if appropriate treatment is initiated early. The appropriate person to call in this case is either a family physician, a dermatologist, a pediatrician, or a hair expert. Hair specialists with extensive experience deal specifically with hair loss and its causes.
Tip: Keep an eye on your diet!
A balanced diet is critical for good hair. Consuming an excessive amount of sugar and highly processed foods is detrimental to your hair’s health. Rather than that, fresh fruit, berries, veggies, nuts, and avocados promote hair health.
Proper hair care is also critical for preventing hair loss. Combing and hairdressing should be performed with caution to avoid causing injury to the scalp or hair roots. Hair growth can also be accelerated slightly with a scalp massage using a high-quality oil infused with lavender, cedarwood, or thyme essential oils. That simultaneously calms and stimulates. Shampoos for sensitive skin should be free of irritants and chemical additives.
Hair transplantation is a type of therapy that is performed extremely rarely in youngsters. In most cases, treating the underlying condition and stimulating hair growth with regenerative treatments is more effective in children. Because mental diseases can sometimes result in hair loss, in some circumstances, a doctor should be consulted.
Along with the causes already mentioned, the following are the primary issues that might result in hair loss:
Iron, zinc, selenium, or vitamins are deficient. This is easily demonstrated with a blood count.
hair loss caused by oneself
Hair-loss pathogens in children
Hair loss can also be caused by bacteria, fungus, and viruses. The most common cause is scalp fungal infections. They are associated with a flaky, inflammatory type of diffuse hair loss. The most prevalent type is tinea capitis, which is caused by the Trichophyton fungus. This dermatomycosis results in the formation of ring-shaped zones that are surrounded by scales. Additionally, eyelashes and brows may be impacted. The fungus infects the scalp’s surface layer and spreads to the hair shaft. A smear and subsequent cell culture reveal the fungus’s exact species. They are mostly Trichophyton or Microsporum fungus.
Important for youngsters in childcare and kindergarten!
These infections are very contagious and can spread quickly in a kindergarten or daycare setting. As a result, youngsters should not share hats, brushes, or pillows.
As a form of therapy, specific drugs are known as antimycotics are used. They are initially used locally as an ointment. If this does not work, systemic medications are required. The child’s precise age must be considered. Certain medications are not appropriate for youngsters.
Circular hair loss in youngsters is referred to as alopecia areata.
Circular hair loss is most frequently associated with alopecia areata. It affects approximately 0.03 to 0.1 percent of children, both boys and females equally. This sickness manifests itself rather abruptly. Hair loss is dandruff-free and does not leave scars. The underlying disease is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system becomes hostile toward itself. In this instance, it is directed solely at the hair roots. It regards hair roots as foreign and must combat them. This results in inflammatory responses that result in hair loss.
Why it does not affect the entire head is not totally apparent. This condition is hereditary in nature and can recur. Permanent hair loss is also a possibility. 30% of people see changes in their nails concurrently. When this condition strikes children in primary school, it can result in major group membership and identity difficulties.
Children who will require comfort and security. If your child experiences hair loss, you should convey to them that they are still beautiful and valued without hair.
Hair loss caused by oneself
This is a psychological kind of hair loss. Those affected are responsible for their own hair loss. This occurs more frequently during puberty and adolescence. Patients with trichotillomania pluck their own hair out. They continue plucking, pulling, rubbing, and twisting the hair. Boys are more prone to have this disease during childhood, whereas girls are more likely to develop it at puberty. This results in an infinite number of regions with torn or damaged hair of various lengths. A pull test performed by a physician is typically negative.
Microscopically, bleeding is visible in the skin. Stress, anxiety, the loss of a significant caregiver, or a divorce are all possible causes.
Another type of self-induced hair loss is funnel hemomania. Patients had their hair trimmed.
Traktionsalopezie primarily affects children, who always wear their hair in a ponytail. Hair loss at the front hairline is caused by pulling on the front portion of hair. Additional mechanical irritants include excessive combing or tight braiding of the hair. Shampoos and the use of a hot hairdryer can contribute to this form of hair loss.
Scarring hair loss is typically caused by a systemic fungal infection. Blistering skin conditions such as epidermolysis bullosa or follicular lichen planus can potentially contribute to the condition. Immune illnesses, such as lupus erythematosus, can also result in a scarring kind of hair loss.
There is plenty of overlap between “natural” hair loss and hair loss that requires treatment. In numerical terms, this means:
Children who lose between 50 and 70 hairs per day do not suffer from hair loss. Pediatricians consider this value to be “normal.” As long as the hair does not fall out in clumps, the irritation does not develop, and bald spots do not grow on the head, there is no reason to be concerned. Even if the increased hair loss is merely temporary (two to three months), no disease-related hair loss is anticipated in practice.
Parents should monitor their children’s hair, as well as their nutrition and behavior. Thus, it is possible to determine quickly whether the vitamin selection is detrimental to the hair or whether a pathological behavior is causing hair loss. The transition from childhood to puberty, which is accompanied by hormonal imbalances in the child’s body, can also result in changes to the hair structure.