Importance of Examinations, The human need to judge the knowledge and learning of many persons at the same time and grade them accordingly gave birth to the system of Examinations.
They became all the more necessary with the progress in education and the advancement in culture and technology. Perhaps they are the only means to judge the knowledge and learning of many persons simultaneously.
As regards the students, the examinations make them work hard. They have to go through all the courses of studies. As they do not know which questions are to be set in examinations.
Thus, examinations promote healthy competition among the students. Examinations prove helpful in selecting competent persons for important posts. The right man for the right job.
The selection is fair and impartial. As the examiner marks each paper according to its worth, without any prejudice. If there were no examinations, fair selection would have been almost impossible.
But examinations are not without defects. They make the students resort to cramming. They learn by rote as many questions. As they can and depend upon them for their success.
It is so because a thorough understanding of anything requires deep thinking. A very few people are inclined to do that. They accept ready-made ideas and prefer cramming to using their brains.
In an examination, much depends on luck. The question paper may contain the same questions which an examinee has memorized. It may have none of such questions.
Thus the success or failure of the person may not be the true measure of his knowledge. Examinations ignore the moral side of a person which is an essential part of his personality.
Education does not mean knowledge of books alone. It concerns the whole man, his mental enlightenment, and moral excellence. The examinations can test the knowledge but not the morals.
However, the demerits of examinations do not lessen their importance. No doubt, some of the universities in Japan and America have abolished them.
But they have not found an effective and practicable alternative. It is not likely that such an alternative will ever be found.
In conclusion, we may say that the system of examinations has to continue. However, there is much room for improvement in the present system.
The questions set in the examinations should test the power comprehension, and the intelligence of a student and not the amount of knowledge. Which he has stored in his brain.