Opium is also known as poppy tears. Its farming is most popular among Asia and South American countries. The primary producer of Opium is Afghanistan which contributes to 90% of global production. The source of opium is the opium poppy whose cultivation is traced back to over 5,000 years ago. Opium poppy farming has aroused mixed opinions due to its pros and cons.
Positive Impacts of Opium Poppy
it’s a component of Medicinal Drugs
Opium is a natural pain killer. As a result, it is used in the production of pharmaceutical drugs such as morphine and codeine. These drugs have contributed extensively to medical research and growth. Widely used during operations to induce sleep and as pain killers. However, their usage has some negative effects such as addiction.
Creation of Jobs Opportunities
Poppy farming alone has created more than one million jobs worldwide. In Afghanistan alone, it has created jobs for low-income earners nearly about half-million jobs. That’s more than people employed in the armed forces. Its farming requires no skilled labor, minimum overhead cost, and does not need large plots of land. The inexpensiveness and simple procedures have made it popular among low-income earners. The increasing market and demand have made it a constant and reliable source of income and living.
contribute to Economic Growth
The creation of jobs in the informal sector by poppy farming has really helped in the economic growth of many countries especially Afghanistan. With 60 percent of its economy having to do with poppy farming. Exports of poppy products are one of the main sources of foreign exchange.
Used in Production of Illegal Drugs
Opium which latex is extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy. When processed using specific chemicals, it produces synthetic opioids and heroin. Acetylation of morphine leads to the production of heroin which is twice potent. These drugs are illegal according to the drug regulatory authorities across the world. Since they are considered to have no medicinal value to the human body.
Instability of Nations
The illegality of some of the poppy products has lead governments to devise ways to eradicate the crops. These actions have resulted in the counter-development of cartels and warlords who try to and protect the production of this highly profitable crop. This has greatly resulted in the instability of nations as players trying to gain control over poppy production.
it Leads to Addition
Opium products are highly addictive, both medicinal and illegal drugs. This has led to the over-dependence of these drugs. This has adverse effects on both people’s health and financial impact. The usages of illegal drugs have also led to the deaths of so many people. Both the end-users and those involved in trafficking and protecting these drugs.
Opium poppy farming will remain to be a necessary evil. Until a balance is struck between its importance and disadvantages. Based on the decision, both its negative and positive impacts should be put into consideration. To eliminate its bad effect, we must achieve a collective and inclusive approach to prevent it, this can only be solved by a global and inter-disciplines initiative approach. Rather than regional or governmental ones.