Access control systems are basically the electronic system controlled through a network. Different types of access control systems also have access to a network. The access control technology is progressing at the fastest rate in the security industry because it helps unwanted people from entering different facilities. This system has an automated nature as it provides 24/7 protection and also restricts entrance to secure areas of a building, room, property, file cabinet, drawer. It also protects areas containing sensitive or proprietary information, assets, and some essential data, etc. People need different types of access control systems for their store, restaurant, hotel, hospital, and business.
Different Types of Access Control Systems:
Some businesses have sensitive areas, where only authorized employees can go. In such a situation, the best security method is to install a proper access control system. When a person uses a biometric scanner or a card reader, the system records the entry for that person; therefore, this enables them to keep track of everyone coming to the place and when someone is going out from that area. Below are the different types of access control systems:
1. Discretionary Access Control (DAC):
The least restrictive system is the discretionary access control system. In this type of access control system, it is the responsibility of the business owner to decide who is allowed to enter the facility. Thus, the owner determines the access policy. It allows the individual to take complete control of all things and objects that they own. The discretionary access control system defines the user identification and needs credentials like username and password during the process of authentication.
2. Mandatory Access Control (MAC):
In a mandatory access control system, the only person who is responsible for managing the access system is the administrator. Therefore, the end-user has no control over it. It is useful in organizations where security and confidentiality of data are highly emphasized. This system follows established security guidelines. The administrator in this system will classify the end-user and allow them to gain entry by giving them the status through some access points. A mandatory access control system is suitable for premises, where the number of employees or staff is low.
3. Role-Based Access Control (RBAC):
A role-based access control system is most suitable in large organizations. As some large organizations or premises need extensive security, so this is the best access control system for them. This entry system is not only popular in the business world, but also very much needed in homes. In organizations, employees are only allowed access to data related to their job responsibilities. Lower-level employees do not have access to sensitive or confidential information. Therefore, this system limits network access based on the individual role within an organization. It also reduces the chances of data breaches or data leaks.
If your business has areas that are confidential or sensitive, then one must install the access control systems. Hence, it is the best way to control security. The access control system keeps track of everyone’s coming and going out of the premises. Some examples of access control systems include a biometric system, a swipe card, an RFID system, door controllers, and card readers, etc. If you want to protect your home or business from intruders and want to keep your information secure, then install an access control system to achieve peace of mind.