Democracy is the form of government in which the rulers of a country, state, or a small district are elected by the majority of the respective territory. Many forms of democracy are present in different parts of the world. Democracy has risen as a global standard of an ideal government in the past century. The reason behind it is that the democratic system has the ability to justify itself. It does not require detailed arguments to convince people of its effectiveness. A reasonable person can easily find constructive potential and just standards that democracy holds. Also, modern civilization has its foundations in the concept of freedom. Therefore, democracy is the only form of government acceptable to the free minds of today.
PROBLEMS OF DEMOCRACY
Although democracy is the most appropriate system of government, many problems are also associated with it. Most of these problems have been created by politicians and corrupt minds. These are the people for whom the government is nothing but a way of getting richer and richer. One thing that democracy brings with it is the huge responsibility that the common people share for the affairs of the country. As it is the people who choose their rulers, it is also their responsibility to keep a check on what their elected representatives are doing. If there is some fault in the system, or if the politicians are doing something wrong then it is people’s responsibility to try to stop them. Let’s see the positive and negative aspects of democracy. Here I whether democracy is good or bad, it is the people involved who are responsible for all the outcomes.
LOGIC OF DEMOCRACY
The best thing about democracy is that this system of government satisfies our minds with logic. The logic is that because a community is made of people living together. Therefore, it is the people who should choose the people who would run their affairs. In my view, all other forms of governments such as dictatorship, theocracy, oligarchy, communism, etc are not able to justify their status as effective systems before modern minds. The concept of people having the right to choose people who will shape the destiny of their country is very appealing. This is the first and basic reason for the acceptance of democracy as a just system. Because only a person who has been appointed by people can claim the right to run their affairs.
DISTRIBUTION OF AUTHORITY
In my view, an ideal democratic system is one in which there is a distribution of authority and powers at different levels. Through a proper organization of the system, the head of the state is given some powers and responsibilities. Some powers are given to the legislative assemblies or parliament. States and provinces have their own governments that govern the affairs limited to that specific territory. There are governments and institutions at the district level and so on. And then there are some big issues that are decided directly by the common people through a referendum. In this way, power is not limited to a few persons. Rather it is dispersed.
OBEY THE LAWS
In my opinion, democracy is effective only when we obey the decisions of those we elect. As a president or a prime minister has certain powers and his/her say is final in certain matters. After he/she is elected, then we all must obey his commands in those matters. Similarly, the laws that are made in legislative houses are to be obeyed. Also, the decisions and orders of our local mayor within his authority are to be equally obeyed, and so on. In short, we have to obey the law that our democratic systems make. Only then can any system properly work and only then can it be properly tested.
In the above paragraph, I don’t mean that we should just accept all that comes from the authorities. If we find something wrong, then we have the right to criticize. Democracy can not work if the citizens are not provided with all the freedom to criticize the government and institutions. These rights should be without any restrictions. We should openly criticize if we find anything wrong at any level. As the chain goes higher, the criticism should get harsher. This doesn’t mean that we should always be bashing the authorities. Rather we should criticize whenever needed and our criticism should be based on strong morals and facts.
These were some positive aspects of democracy that came to my mind. Now let me share some of my reservations on the current democratic systems. The biggest problem is that after winning the elections, the politicians put the interest of people aside and work for their own agendas. They don’t present themselves for accountability in front of their people. In such scenarios, people also have to go the extra mile and push their representatives hard to hold them accountable. Because accountability is what keeps the systems in line. We have this right, and we must use this right to keep a check on the use of power. Because if we let them freely do anything that they want, then we are equally responsible for the damages they cause to our lives.
The other big problem is that when voting, people usually don’t cast their votes wisely. People should put deep thought on who to vote and should decide without any bias. Because the vote is a responsibility that is on the shoulders of every person who has a vote. The voters are also responsible for the performance of their elected representatives because they are the ones who sent them to those posts in the first place. Therefore, while voting, people should think of this responsibility and vote after thorough unbiased consideration of all the candidates.
In the end, I would like to say that it is a two-way struggle. Those who govern and those who are governed, both have to effectively play their part for the betterment of the countries and the people living in those countries. And if you have democracy in your country and it is not doing any good to the country, then don’t give up on democracy. Keep faith in it. Keep playing your part for the betterment as much as you can and motivate others to do the same. Hopefully, these efforts will be fruitful.