A dog is more than a pet. It is the most loyal, patience, and playful friend I’ve seen. If you own a pet dog, it’s your responsibility to take very good care of your friend. During the growing months, you should pay attention to your puppy’s teeth. In this article, I am going to tell the anatomy of a puppy’s as well as of dog’s teeth, dog teeth problems, how many teeth does a dog need to eat, dog teeth diagram and many other things. In the growing months, puppy’s teeth are not stronger. That’s why you have to take care of some things. Like a human child, the puppy also has two sets of teeth in life.
A puppy has 28 temporary teeth which are also known as baby or milk teeth. These milk teeth start coming in at about three to four weeks of age. At the age of six weeks, all the milk teeth will have grown.
At the age of six months, puppies start to lose their milk teeth. After that 48 permanent teeth start to grow. They are also known as secondary teeth. An adult dog has 42 teeth. 20 are present on top of their jaw and 22 on the bottom. The permanent teeth consist of:
Incisors are used to peck and bite. Their shape allows them to scrap the meat from bones. There are twelve incisors. Six on the top and six on the bottom.
Canines are used to tatter and scrap the flesh. There are four canines. Two on the top and two on the bottom sides of the mouth. They are also used to lock something like a toy or bone in a dog’s mouth.
Premolars are used to nip and crush. There are eight premolars of the upper jaw and eight on the lower jaw.
Molars are responsible for the chewing process. There are four molars on the upper jaw and six on the lower. Molars have a flat surface that is very helpful for grinding and chewing.
Now the question arises that why do older dogs lose their teeth? There are different reasons for this but the most common reasons are:
One is that they have experienced trauma to the mouth which can be caused by chewing something hard like marrow bones or beef bones. To avoid this, you should avoid giving hard things to your dog.
Another cause is periodontal diseases. If not properly treated, it can lead to severe chronic pain. It can also lead to more serious conditions affecting vital body organs such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys. Infections caused by gum diseases can be life-threatening for your dog.
Another question is that how many teeth do dogs need to eat?
It sounds weird but a dog does not need teeth to eat. Your dog can eat without teeth. A painful mouth due to rotten or diseased teeth can stop the dog from eating but the absence of teeth can’t.
Dogs have some common teeth problems. If you are suspicious of these then visit the vet as soon as possible. Delaying in taking the necessary actions can endanger the life of your dog as they can develop serious infections in the body damaging the vital body organs.
Your dog may be suffering from oral discomfort that he has got from his ancestors. The pain can make your dog angry and endangered to attack. Today’s dogs maintain this affinity, so you have to watch for symptoms like loss of appetite, uncommon night awakenings, rubbing the face against things, or swelling of the face.
It is a common disease among dogs. During the teething process when permanent teeth erupt, it exerts the pressure on puppy teeth and forces it to fall out. Sometimes the puppy teeth do not fall out and permanent teeth start to grow. Visit the vet to get the puppy teeth removed otherwise the permanent teeth will not find the proper space and will be bent or crooked.
A slab fracture occurs when a piece of the crown separates from the side of the tooth, often exposing the sensitive pulp cavity. Due to cracked teeth, the nerve of the tooth becomes exposed and that can cause severe pain. To avoid this condition, don’t let your dog play with hard stones or such things. Visit the vet as soon as you see a broken or cracked tooth.
TOOTH ROOT ABSCESS
This condition is caused when the root of the tooth is exposed to bacteria due to a crack or break. Symptoms of this condition include difficulty in eating, dropping food, and facial swelling. Depending on the affected tooth, you may notice that her eye is infected or inflamed, due to the nearness of the tooth’s roots to the eye. You should use an antibiotic in this condition. It is a very painful condition. You must visit the vet as soon as you find any of these symptoms.
BRUSHING DOG’S TEETH
Brushing your dog’s teeth s very important. Be careful when choosing the brush you use for your dog. If you cannot get a toothbrush for dogs, you can use a child’s toothbrush of small size having soft whiskers. You can also buy a special toothbrush that will easily fit over your finger, and allow you to pet and calm a dog while you maintain secure control of the brush.
Like human teeth, dog teeth have to be cleaned regularly to prevent different diseases and rotten teeth. You should brush your dog’s teeth once in a week or once in a month depending upon the tolerance of your dog. Never use your toothpaste for your dog. There are special kinds of toothpaste for canines available at pet stores. You can also make it at home using baking soda and warm water. It is because the taste of your toothpaste will be uncomfortable for your dog.
DOG TEETH DIAGRAM
To explain the structure of the dog teeth, I am going to show a diagram by which you will understand the structure of the dog’s teeth clearly.
In this diagram, you can see the exact location of incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. You can see that those incisors are small so that they can easily tear the meat and help in self-grooming. Canines are pointy that help them to hold the things tightly. Premolars are sharp and help the dog to shear and molars allow the grinding of the food. I hope that this diagram will clarify the structure of a dog’s mouth to you.
DOG TEETH CHART AGE
Now I am going to tell how you can determine the age of your dog by checking his teeth. Examining the teeth of dogs is one of the best ways to check the approximate age of the dog. Be aware of two things while examining a dog’s teeth.
First, the dog who has received regular dental care will have better-looking teeth as compared to an animal who has not received any care or treatment.
Second, variations exist among all the animals, even two from the same litter and breed. Teeth will give you a rough age of your pet. This dog teeth chart age will give you a clue that how to determine the approximate age of your dog by examining his teeth.
At last, I just want to say that take good care of your dog’s teeth. Brushing regularly will be very good. Must check the teeth of your puppy every week in growing months. So, you can see that teeth are growing normally or not. If you find any crack or cross over between puppy teeth and permanent teeth, visit the vet as soon as possible. Give any chewable toy to the puppy during the teething process. It is a good alternative for canines that can not tolerate brushing. At and after the age of three, symptoms of periodontal and gum disorders start to appear. You must schedule a visit to a veterinarian once a year for a basic dental checkup. Love your pets and take care of them as you take care of yourself.