Seven Natural Wonders of the world refers to the marvelous natural features of the world, considered to be the best. This list is based on the one that was compiled by CNN. Are you a traveler or a tourist? If so, then, here are the 7 natural wonders of the world that deserves a place in your travel book.
By definition, a natural wonder is a unique monument that knows no human input or alteration. It is a unique feature that amazes the eyes that behold. Of the seven natural wonders, each of them has lived through centuries. They have stood the taste of time. The spectacles have stood against all denudational processes and provide unmeasurable value to humanity. Below is the list of the 7 natural wonders of the world for you to browse through and appreciate.
1. North American Grand Canyon
- Its length is over 277 miles or 445.788km
- Its breadth stretches between 4miles at the minimal and 18 miles and the maximum.
- The canyon is over 1.60394 km deep.
- The main part of the canyon forms the Grand Canyon, National Park.
- It is a product of erosional processes in the Colorado River.
- By the way, this is not the steepest canyon globally. Neither is it the longest.
- Its wonder comes instead, from its overall scale together with its magnificent size. This couples with an incredible aesthetic value of the landscape.
- As a tourist, the Grand Canyon views are just majestic to behold.
Ways of exploring the canyon on foot
- You can embark on hiking during the day or under moonlight nights
- Moreover, tourists can organize backpacking night tours
- You can ride mules in its landscapes
- If you are a sports lover, you can go for rafting
- Alternatively, you can just embark on an observation tour
- Likewise, you can also take the adventure afar by hiking near the edges of the canyon.
Vulcanism has added value to the canyon. Lava flows spill into the canyon, helping to shape it. These lava flows are as old as the Cenozoic age. Moreover, talking of ages, its lateral rock layers date back to the Paleozoic era. These layers represent and angular uniqueness that is breathtaking. This originality is a result of erosion in the lower layers of the rock before the deposition of sediments in top layers. The eroded layers date back to the Precambrian age.
2. Oceania’s Great Barrier Reef
- The reef stands as the grandest coral reef globally.
- If counted, the reefs in the Great Barrier Reef have over 2,900 separate reefs within them.
- Its length is over 2575 km.
- You can even view it from space.
- The 344469 square km boasts of over 900 islands.
- On the world map, you can locate it in the Coral Sea.
- It is found off the coast of Queensland, a location in the country of Australia.
- It is a product of natural engineering by billions of coral polyps over the years.
Threats to the reef:
- Humanity always poses a threat to natural features. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park aids in controlling human activities such as fishing and tourism in the area.
- Moreover, the quality of runoff water and climate change coupled with coral bleaching and rotational outbreaks of the predatory starfish, which feed on the coral polyps, are a threat to the reef.
- Coral bleaching, as a result of changing sea temperatures, is mainly becoming a phenomenal threat. It has recurred for several years now and is threatening the reef with unprecedented demise.
Biodiversity in the reef:
- The reef is home to several vulnerable species. These species are crucial, and they are also endemic to the reef system and thus cannot be done away with.
- The whale population boasts of over 30 species of whales coupled with that of dolphins and porpoises.
- Sea turtles claim a minimum of 6 species.
- Seagrass has 15 species.
- Of the shark populace, there are around 125 species, stingray, and skates.
- Also, there are a maximum of 5,000 species of mollusk.
- Besides, the reef has nine species of seahorse and seven species of sea frogs.
- The snake population has 17 species.
- As for fish, they boast of more than 1,500 species.
- Lastly, there are over 400 species of both hard and soft corals.
- There are micro-ecosystems created by marine algae on its surface, which compete with that of a rain forest.
3. South American Harbor of Rio de Janeiro
- This wonder is found in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- A series of protruding mountains enhance its uniqueness. These mountains include Sugar Loaf, which stands at 1,296 feet. The Corcovado Peak is standing at 2,310 feet. The Hills of Tijuca are not left behind with 3,350 feet.
- Rio de Janeiro is a Portuguese word for “River of January.”
- It is a product of erosion from the Atlantic Ocean.
- As a visitor, you breathe in different views at different heights.
- The natives in the area define it in the following way “God made the world in six days, and on the seventh, he concentrated on Rio.”
- Moreover, it is a remnant of a once flourishing rainforest. Unfortunately, it is now a natural harbor for tankers and yachts.
- Its extent is shrinking year in, year out. Its landscapes have been tampered with and altered more than twice. Humanity has placed pipes through its hills to make it livable. It now houses airports, highways, parklands, and beaches—the city’s art museum is in its terrains. Therefore, one of the 7 natural wonders of the world has seen unprecedented human interruptions.
4. Asian Mount Everest
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world
- Its peak is the highest spot on the universe.
- Mount Everest summit is above 8848metres.
- It forms part of the Himalaya mountain chains.
- The mountains are located on the border between three countries, Nepal and Tibet, China.
- The locals call it Chomolungma.
- If you are a geographer, you will understand its dynamics better. Everest moves 3.9 inches a year, according to CNN, as a result of tectonic movement.
- If you want to enjoy more, just take a hike to the base of Mount Everest. Alternatively, if you are experienced, you can just climb to the upper base camp of Everest. You should be ready to part with some dear money, though. The climb now requires a permit which costs $US25000.
- If you visit during the fall season, you will love it more. This is usually from late September to early December. Avoid visiting during the snow season.
- For maximum enjoyment, teach yourself to carry a heavy pack. Teach yourself to get used to this over some days. You need to be able to carry over 30 lbs or more if you wish to climb. The climb is just a strenuous activity demanding physical and psychological preparation. This is very crucial for you as an individual climber and for the members of the team that you will be part of.
5. The Arctic and Antarctica Aurora
- Many call them the polar auroras.
- The most precious ones are the northern lights, commonly called the aurora borealis.
- A southern aurora known as the aurora australis can be noted in the southern hemisphere.
- As of today, there is no specific or consistent design, size, pattern or color of the auroras.
- You can see them as glowing sheets or some say as dancing waves.
- You can also see the aurora borealis when you approach the magnetic pole.
- Geographically, the magnetic pole is located in the Arctic islands.
- However, it is unfortunate that it is difficult to predict when the aurora borealis will appear. Nevertheless, you have a chance to witness the aurora borealis more between March to April. Moreover, they also emerge from September to October. If you are a student of Geography, you will note that this is the time of equinoxes.
- They derive their name from Roman and Greek traditions. The Roman goddess of dawn, Aurora, gave them the title. This was then coupled with the Greek name for north wind, Boreas.
- If you are in the proximity of the magnetic pole, Auroras will be high overhead. Likewise, if you are far away, they light the north horizon, with some greenish glowing, which may turn to faint red.
Why so many colors?
- By nature, Auroras are products of the secretions of photons in the upper atmosphere at the height of 50 miles. Ionized nitrogen atoms emit these photons, which will regain some electron. Furthermore, oxygen and nitrogen atoms will be recurring from an animated state to a normal state. The photons are thereby ionized as solar wind particles colliding will be funneled down. The particles will accelerate along the Earth’s magnetic field lines.
- Depending on the amount of energy they absorb, emissions of oxygen will be green to brownish red.
- Likewise, for nitrogen, the emissions will be bluish or reddish. If the atom is regaining electrons, they are bluish. If it is returning to the ground state, they will be reddish. It, therefore, claims its potion among the 7 natural wonders of the world.
6. North American Parícutin Volcano
- This is a volcanic feature
- Its form is that of a cinder cone volcano.
- It is found in the Mexican state of Michoacán.
- By height, it stretches between 9,101 and 10,397 feet.
- The last known eruption, according to CNN, was in 1952.
- In America, they regard it as the youngest volcano.
- We call it natural as humanity witnessed its birth.
- It took a short time, approximately one year, to reach 3/4 of its size.
- Mexico is a land of volcanic features. The Parícutin is just the youngest volcano in a series of more than 1,500 volcanic features that are located in the Mexican Volcanic Belt. Its birth has been monitored right from its beginning. It is just unique and a wonder.
- Lightning strikes as a result of volcanic eruptions have killed people in the area. No death, however, according to CNN, has been attributed to lava flows or asphyxiation.
7. Zimbabwean Victoria Falls
- Locals call it Mosi-oa-Tunya, which, when translated from Venda, means “the storm that thunders.”
- It boasts of being the largest waterfall globally in terms of its breadth and depth.
- Its width stretches over one mile, while its depth goes above 360 feet.
- Victoria Falls is located along the borders of Zambia and Zimbabwe.
- The mighty Zambezi River feeds it.
If you visit it during the rainy season, you will not witness the base of the falls. The season stretches from November to May. Furthermore, there is a misconception that it becomes more spectacular during the rainy season. It is the other way round, though. It’s a marvel to view it during the ensuing dry season after the wet summer. Additional water hinders the perfect site of the falls. It is indeed one of the formidable 7 natural wonders of the world.
Suppose you want to see the rainbow, its present throughout the day. However, during the early morning, it will be more elaborate and defined. If you view it during moonlight, its value enhances. You will see it in the spray. The spray can be seen as afar as 50km away and as high as 2600 feet. It will drop to around 1300feet, though.
The Niagra falls is roughly three times less than Victoria falls in extent and height. The Horseshoe Falls are around half of the Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls is second to none in terms of size. However, the Iguazu Falls of South America, are number two to the mighty Mo Sia Tunya.
A final say
These are the 7 natural wonders of the world. If you are a traveler, then you need to take your travel book and add each of them. They are just a marvel—natural masterpieces of nature art. Also, for more information about places to visit in the world, keep connected to this site. You need to visit the best place to visit in Africa also to enhance your knowledge. Alternatively, you can also visit 13 wonders found in Zimbabwe. Stay safe. Stay connected