Milk contains the essential nutrients needed for the growth and development of human health as well as for the calf. The most common economically important milk constituents’ traits include fat, protein, etc. Milk is composed of water, proteins, amino acids, vitamins, lipids, fatty acids, and minerals, each performs different functions and physiological role. Indian dairy buffaloes have only A2 allele and hence are a source for safe milk, A2 milk.
Compared to cow milk, buffalo milk is richer in almost all the main milk nutrients. Mozzarella cheese and ghee are the specialties of buffalo milk. In addition, a recent study indicated that people having allergies with cow milk could tolerate buffalo milk. Buffalo milk is characterized by high levels of fat, lactose, protein, casein, and ash contents . Milk fat represents the major constituent of buffalo milk followed by lactose. Besides these, milk calcium is essential for healthy bones and teeth and helps prevent hypertension. Selenium is an integral component of the immune and antioxidant systems in humans. Several bioactive components and essential amino and fatty acids (FA) are available in milk, giving the milk a high biological value compared to in meat. Omega-3 fatty acids are associated with the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and some cancers.
Buffalo milk is for their calf not for the human being. It has a lot of benefits and lifesaver for their calf but unfortunately, they are always deprived of their mother’s milk and male calf always killed to reduce the cost of dairy.
Calves are separated from their mother to ensure an uninterpreted supply of milk for the human being.
Calves are killed to reduce the cost of dairy and increase profit.