There is no one around the world who does not want to care about his health except a few who do not know what is true
Everyone of us knows the importance of organs in the body, especially the heart, lung, eye, hearing, and other important organs
But in this article, we will discuss the importance of the eye, its health, the reasons for any problem with it, and how the simplest eye operations are performed, which are very complex.
If you sit with an ophthalmologist, you will be amazed at his words, and you will see yourself in front of all this knowledge and development as a young child, although science and technological development have not reached the best levels in the field of ophthalmology
And be sure that after this article, you will discover everything that might harm the health of your eyes, even if we do not mention this problem in our article because we will explain to you how the eyes are damaged and their causes, and you will avoid it automatically and completely convinced.
The eye consists of several parts and these parts are with each other systems. Each system has a role in the work of the eye. We will mention the basic parts and the main systems and their role in the work of the eye.
Your eyes are your window into the world, but it is necessary to preserve the parts of the eye and protect them from the elements that prevent them from seeing clearly
The upper and lower eyelids protect the eye from entering foreign bodies and bright light
1.1- The way the eyelids work in the eye:
The eyelids open and close involuntarily every few seconds during each blinking fluid that is produced by the lacrimal glands spreads across the cornea and moisturizes the surface of each eye
This helps maintain moisture and keeps germs away from them, such as dust and falling eyelashes
2-The front part of the eye:
The front part of the eye includes three main parts of the eye
2.1 Solid eye:
the white part of the eye forms a strong external barrier that maintains the spherical shape of the eye and protects the delicate internal parts of the eye
2.2 Pupil of the eye:
The black spot in the center of the eye allows light to pass through it to the background of the eye
2.3 Iris of the eye:
The colored part of the eye contains muscle fibers in the form of a ring that expands or shrinks the fever of stare, and controls the amount of light that enters the eye
There is a thin, transparent tissue in the eye called the conjunctiva that changes the solid of the eye – the blood vessels in the white part of the eye are in the conjunctiva
3-The inner eye:
Beyond the scenes, other parts of the eye help you see as they are included
3.1 The Cornea of the eye:
As a protective dome of transparent tissue in the front part of the eye, it forms a concealed surface that helps focus light rays before they are properly controlled by the lens.
3.2 eye lens:
It is a transparent oval building whose size equals the size of a sweet pill that changes the curvature of the lens to fit itself so that it can focus the light in the form of a hand
3.3 The glass hollow of the eye:
It is a cavity that covers the area between the background of the lens and the background of the eye and helps to maintain its shape. This area is filled with a clear, clear substance that can pass through it.
4- The back of the eye:
Eye parts in the background include
4.1 The Retina:
It is a thin layer of tissue that changes the inner back surface of the eye, consisting of millions of cells that capture the image focused on it by the cornea and lens. When these cells capture light, they are converted into electrical signals that are sent to the optic nerve.
4.2 Eye spot:
It is a specialized part located in the center of the retina at the back of the eye. This spot contains cells that are sensitive to light in intensity. It is vital for central vision and helps to see fine details.
4.3 Optic nerve:
It carries information collected by the retina and transmits it to the brain
How the eye moves:
Each eye has six muscles connected to the Solid eye – the white part of the eye.
These muscles, five of which are shown before you, allow the eye to move so that you can track a specific object without having to move the head.
Eye muscles allow you to change your field of vision towards the left, right, up, or down, and diagonally
Then the brain coordinates eye movement so that the eyes move together when they track an object
The eye is exposed daily to many effects and damages that reduce the efficiency of eyesight and its exposure to many health problems such as nearsightedness, length, or sensitivity, and these problems can be avoided by maintaining eye integrity and using simple and appropriate methods for daily life to reduce the damage to the eye.
The eye and the eyesight affect many diseases and symptoms that reduce the efficiency of the sense of vision or stop it permanently, and the most important of these diseases are:
1- Ocular cataract:
A condition that affects one or both eyes of people who are over sixty-five years of age, who develop cataracts or cloudiness in the lens of the eye, and affects a person because of the accumulation of protein molecules in the eye due to age.
It is a condition that affects the eye and affects its nerves, and a group of symptoms that may aggravate and reach blindness occur in some cases if not treated, and a person suffers from this disease as a result of slowly increasing fluid pressure on the eye, which affects the optic nerve, and it affects people who Often over 60 years of age and some children may be born with this disease in rare cases.
It is a health condition that results in conjunctivitis, which is the thin part that covers the eyelid from the inside, and it is also the white part of the eye, and the name of this disease is valid ophthalmia because the whites of the eye turn red or pink, and the person suffers from it because of allergies or Bacterial or viral infection, or because of the use of contact lenses, eye ointments and some eye drops, or the use of some irritating substances to the eye, which does not affect vision, but it is considered an infectious disease and if it is caused by infection by bacteria or the virus, it needs treatment.
Ways to maintain eye safety:
1- Performing a regular eye examination.
2- Performing nearsightedness when feeling the need for it and committing to wearing eyeglasses as advised by the ophthalmologist.
3- Not touching your eyes with your hand, especially if you are outside, and if it occurs and it is necessary to touch your eyes, wash your hands thoroughly with sterile soap and water first.
4- Not wiping your eyes except with a clean tissue.
5- Keeping your home clean and free from dust and flies that transmit many types of bacteria and viruses harmful to the eyes, the most important of which are trachoma and purulent infections.
6- Maintain your general health.
7- Be sure to check the pressure of the eyes from time to time because eye pressure has a major impact on their health. 8- Checking blood sugar level regularly. Because diabetes has great harm to the eyes, the safety of sight, and retina.
9- Eat a lot of vegetables and fruits to preserve the freshness of the eyes, and eat foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin C necessary for the health and safety of eye tissues.
10- Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet, especially in childhood and old age.
11- Get enough sleep, rest, and close eyes to avoid straining them.
12- Make the lighting on your desk healthy and appropriate so that it is not directly on the eyes.
13- Not eating too much in front of computer and TV screens.
14- Make the distance between your eyes and the screens not less than three meters.
15- Reducing the lighting of computer screens and smart devices that use them.
16- Use a computer screen filter if you use it frequently.
17- Relaxing your eyes every quarter of an hour by sitting in front of screens, by closing them or looking away.
18- Refrain from looking directly at any strong lighting source, such as spotlights or the sun.
19- Do not bring any chemicals close to your eyes and wash them immediately if they happen to come in contact with any chemical.
20- Prevent children from playing with any sharp and pointed machines and tools such as swords and small pieces to avoid exposing their eyes to injuries or harm.
21- Stay away from fireworks and fireworks, keep children away, and prevent them from playing with them.
22- Wearing protective glasses when working in chemicals or the field of electronic welding; To avoid exposing your eyes to the spark.
23- Reducing the use of make-up and chemicals full of harmful dyes.
24- Stay away from a strong air source such as a fan, hair dryer, or even looking from the window of a moving vehicle to avoid exposing your eyes to dryness.
25- Stay away from smoking or secondhand smoke because of its harm to dry eyes and infections.
26 – Try to stay at home on days when the weather is dusty, and if it happens and you have to get out of the house, wear large sunglasses that cover your eyes from all sides.
27- Wear safety glasses when swimming and be sure to buy the good quality that covers your eyes from all sides and prevents the entry of contaminated water into them.
The statements made on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and represent the opinions of the authors. The authors are not medical doctors and do not engage directly or indirectly in diagnosing disease, dispensing medical advice, or prescribing the use of any products or services as treatment for sickness or disease. This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace consultation with a qualified medical professional.