There is a lot of news these days about the coronavirus, indicating significant advances in different countries in artificial intelligence. Advances in artificial intelligence, and their applications in industries and organizations, have led to more research in this area. these days, most companies and organizations focused to develop smart systems and artificial intelligence or robotics. Today, these efforts try to develop al system and technologies related to physical health and medicine.
AI science in assisting healthcare systems
The extent of the Coronavirus, “COVID-19,” has shown that the possibility of global epidemics and health problems in the future may require countries to be prepared and trained for such crises. Some organizations and companies, starting with AI technology to fight the coronavirus. They have made significant efforts in the field of artificial intelligence and robotics.
Many artificial intelligence companies in the US, China, South Korea, and some other countries have already introduced robots and expert systems. The proposed systems use various applications to prevent spreading “COVID 19” and helping to cure it. The birth of the coronavirus in China and its spread around the world has caused many health problems besides negative effects. Although in the meantime, the birth of the corona has brought the maturity and prosperity of many sciences.
Researchers use this global epidemic as an ideal opportunity for scientific advances in the fight against Corona. Since the outbreak of the virus, countries are trying to find ways to prevent, and treat coronavirus. they try to produce coronavirus vaccine and provide various diagnostic kits and other equipment. from these efforts deal with coronary artery, an image of each country’s scientific potential Has been displayed. In this article, we introduce the exciting achievements of AI science in assisting healthcare systems. According to research, five companies are active against Coronavirus and have provided novel tools. According to the report, various companies have released preemptive research that introduces new products that have targeted the Coronavirus.
Artificial intelligence solutions in disinfecting, treating, diagnosing and predicting Coronavirus
One of these companies in South Korea has introduced a tool called MT-DTI, a deep-learning model. This model uses chemical sequences instead of molecular structures. Also, it evaluates the appropriate drug for disease by predicting how well a selected molecule will bind to a target protein. This tool is a useful tool for the treatment of coronavirus “COVID 19”. The proposed model identifies three antivirals, which lead to the “COVID 19”. Also quoted by Co-Founder and CTO Deargen, the proposed model anticipates several unapproved drugs, such as the antiviral Remdesivir.
In Hong Kong, Insilico Medicine also introduced a new model for drug prediction. The model tries to predict new molecules that are being tested for their effect on SARS-CoV-2. SRI Biosciences and Iktos and Benevolent AI have also introduced similar models of deep learning that have suggested similar drugs. But this is not the only application of artificial intelligence in the field of health care. Expert systems, such as disease detection and recommendation systems, have also received the attention of AI engineers. Many data on “COVID 19” patients are available for researchers. The data is lungs CT scans or more comprehensive clinical trials provided by the US and Chinese databases like BlueDot, which is a global AI database company.
Artificial intelligence solutions in disinfecting, treating, and diagnosing and predicting “COVID 19” is much faster and cheaper. The Danish company is one of the Chinese disinfecting company which provided the UVD Robots. These robots can help disinfect patients’ rooms and hospital environments with higher speed and 100% accuracy with UV radiation. This new technology will kill bacteria and viruses and performs disinfection. Also, it sprays materials on surfaces in Larger disinfectants to clean streets and cities.
Apart from hospital diagnostic systems for “COVID 19”, some countries developed advanced machine vision quadcopter robots. Chinese and American companies operated many kinds of quadcopter robots that use machine vision AI technology. Recommendation robots also provide automated vision technology in the streets by assessing people’s health. These recommendations include observing health items such as detecting no face mask or recommendations like going home and bathing.
Fever is one of the first signs of coronavirus disease. Therefore, a KroniKare startup is conducting real-time tests at a public health center in Singapore. KroniKare uses a smartphone and thermal sensor in this system. Cameras equipped with thermal sensors are another option of artificial intelligence solutions in the fight against coronavirus.
For this purpose, Baidu Technology Corporation at Beijing Railway Station developed a system. this system combined with infrared sensors and car vision. this application could detect fever or forehead heat of up to 200 people per minute at a range of 0.5 degrees Celsius. The system Detects and alerts people with a forehead temperature above 37.3.
China and the United States used various robots to disinfect public and healthcare equipment and environments. In Singapore, Boston Dynamics has developed robotic dogs with 360-degree sensors and cameras. these dogs robots can send appropriate alerts and messages through a speaker if they observe people who don’t follow social distance or health protocols.
Medical recommender systems
Besides, one of the most important subfields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, has been used in COVID 19 disease diagnosis techniques. Deep learning has also come with the help of medical recommendation systems or disease diagnosis systems. Researchers at Wuhan Medical Technology Company and the China University of Geochemistry claim to have developed a diagnostic system. this system uses a deep-learning algorithm that can detect COVID-19 disease with 95% accuracy. Although patient data is not significant. It is certainly an efficient and comparable method to radiologists and also significantly reduces the time spent by radiologists.
Some developed systems are capable of predicting survival rates. Researchers at the School of Artificial Intelligence at China University of Science and Technology in China have developed a model that can predict survival rates with an accuracy of more than 90%. Perhaps until now, the need for robots and artificial intelligence technologies in public health management and hospitals has never been felt. The use of patient control and monitoring robots in the hospital environment is very effective and useful. Also, recording patient status reports, and constantly checking the patient has led to saving physician time, reducing the demand for medical staff, and quick access to the treatment plan.
Robots have been used in various applications such as food preparation, hospital hygiene, disease diagnosis, treatment, and patient monitoring. in Europe, America, China, South Korea, and some other developed countries. For example, The technology company “Starship”, recently used robots to send pizza to its customers. Starship company is a pizza shop in the US state of Arizona.
So far, we have seen a lot of robots coming to the aid of medical staff in hospitals during this period, and now the news is that restaurant owners can also use robots to send food to their customers. Venezia’s New York Style pizzeria partnered with technology company Starship. they use the company’s robots to deliver pizza to customers. Robots can deliver pizza to customers within a half-mile radius and can easily move around sidewalks and streets.
The dimensions of the use of artificial intelligence and robotics in the fight against this disease are not very clear. One of the important issues that have made it unclear is that many countries in the world do not have access to these technologies. Besides, some of these countries do not have such knowledge. Therefore, there’s a question of how much artificial intelligence could help to fight the coronavirus. To answer this question, we must say that it is not yet clear. The countries that have already used these technologies, had better control and prevention results. For example, countries that have used robots and artificial intelligence technology to control the disease had the lowest mortality rate of hospital medical staff.
Reducing the risk of the vulnerability of health system treatment staff
In the early days of Corona arriving in different countries of the world, non-compliance with health protocols, and not taking the risks of this virus seriously caused the cases to increase remarkably. Lack of hospital beds, extreme fatigue of the medical staff, lack of medical equipment, put countries in crisis. In the meantime, countries have been looking for ways to help the medical staff and reduce the workload. They try to reduce the direct monitoring of patients by the medical staff. Countries that have used robots and artificial intelligence in the health care system have suffered less damage to health care.
Robots that provide public services play a key role in controlling the coronavirus epidemic. There are many kinds of service robots such as food delivery and daily shopping, or medical staff robots. Most developed countries seem to understand more than ever the need for robots and the presence of AI in the health care system.
In the case of the proposed robots, robots must operate without human supervision. This means that the robot can perform the task accurately without the need for an observer, and this minimizes the number of people exposed to the virus. “Keyvan LifeBot” medical robot is an admirable example of the ability of Iranian specialists, which was recently unveiled. This robot is the assistant of Iran’s medical staff in the fight against Corona. The robot travels remotely or automatically in the quarantine wards of the hospital.
This robot uses a camera to communicate by video and audio between the patient and the doctor remotely. In this robot, there is a class for placing medicine or food. The robot will send medicine or food to the patient. After the patient picks up the food, the robot will disinfect the floors automatically. It will clean the floor by the UV or plasma disinfection systems. The upper and the lower bouts featured two cutaways, for easier access to the higher frets. Another feature of this robot is obstacle detection. The artificial intelligence technology used in the robot gives it the ability to three-dimensional vision.
robot helping people
These applications are not necessarily limited to the time of the corona outbreak, and countries can use them in other crises. This is the most important feature of artificial intelligence technologies presented at this time. There are many types of medical robots. A few examples are the nurse robot, the pharmacist and pharmacist robot, the dentist robot, the rehabilitation, and the surgeon robot.
The nurse robot is in the room instead of the doctors. The doctor can treat his patients during the holidays through nurse robots. With this method, the absence of doctors from the hospital is not felt at all. Also, CytoCare is the world’s first intelligent robot to automatically prepare endocrine drugs in a sterile environment. This robot can automatically manipulate drugs. It also can prepare drugs for endocrine diseases. This robot carefully prepares the dose of the drug for injection into the patient.
In situations where going to the dentist’s office can be very stressful, the use of a dental robot is very necessary. All you have to do is sit on a dental chair, then put a pair of special glasses on your eyes. Also, you can watch your favorite movie and listen to your favorite sounds and music from your headphones. Only the first generations of dental robots have been developed. Yet no country licensed this robot to establish an office.
Rehabilitation robots are also an important aspect of rehabilitation is helping patients with mobility problems to regain mobility. So far, countries had presented various medical robots in this field. Only the locomotive robot has reached the commercial stage and some centers use it to treat patients.
CODY is the first robot that can clean the arms and legs of a living person for the first time with rubbing movements. This innovation could lead to the production of robots in the future that can independently clean a sick person on the bed. Surgeon robots can also more accurately make incisions needed for surgery on a person’s body. Reducing pain, infection possibility, shortening the patient’s hospital stay, are some important advantages of using robots for surgery.
In Japan, Mira Robotics has also developed a robot called Ugo to help the country’s elderly population fight the Coronavirus. given the continued threat of coronavirus, the startup has used its robots as a tool to counter the pandemic. The coronavirus has created the need for robots to reduce direct contact between people. Other countries such as Singapore and France have also bought samples of this robot. The last feature of this robot is an arm that uses ultraviolet light to eliminate viruses on the door handles.
Medical staff can control this feature remotely. The Mira Robotics robot is two adjustable arms mounted on wheels. A laptop and a computer game controller will control the robot remotely. On the other hand, a special laser for measuring distance is installed on the body of the robot, which helps to guide it.
South Korean operator SK Telecom, in collaboration with Korean company Omron Electronics, has introduced an automated robot equipped with 5G and artificial intelligence to fight the Coronavirus. This intelligent robot is designed to provide a systematic and effective response to the COVID 19 pandemic. The robot uses new technologies such as artificial intelligence, 5G, IoT, and various sensors. It can patrol different areas, automatic driving to perform various activities and programs that are given to them.
operator SK Telecom
This robot can measure people’s body temperature without contact with them, monitor social distances, and provide the necessary instructions. It also provides health protocols for people, as well as disinfecting surfaces. The robot, uses 5G technology, in addition to thermal cameras to check people’s body temperature and identify people suspected of having a corona. This robot can also identify areas where people gather and then Approach it.
After approaching, it delivers a message reminding the importance of the function of social distance. Also, the device automatically disinfects the building using two disinfectant sprays and ultraviolet (UV) lamps. This robot can disinfect 33 square meters of surface area in just 10 minutes. It also provides a hand sanitizer.
The potential of the field of artificial intelligence is more and more highlighted. The developing countries have also begun investing in this field. AI is revolutionizing the world. It helps in various areas of health and various industries and services, and even eliminates many jobs. Nevertheless, jobs are emerging and the need for artificial intelligence and robotics engineers is felt more than ever.
Because the use of this science, along with basic sciences, has shown a variety of saving time, cost, financial, and operational costs. Emergency events, such as the Coronavirus or other international situations, may have a significant impact on the growth rate of countries in further technology and research and better readiness for the future.
Many believe that the future of the world depends on the science of artificial intelligence. Some scientists believe that soon, artificial intelligence will eliminate many jobs and bring about great changes in the management of the world.