the Africa continent
Astronomical Site of the African continent:
1- the astronomical site of the continent relative to the latitudes:
Africa is site between two latitude 37° and 30 minutes north of the equator, 34° and 30 minutes south of the equator, i.e. Africa occupies about 70 latitudes , with the equator passing through the center of the continent.
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2- the astronomical site of a continent relative to the longitude:
The continent of Africa lies between the longitude of 51° east of the Greenwich line, 17° west of the Greenwich line, meaning that the continent of Africa extends over 68 longitude lines
The longitude is used in determining the time difference, but there is an important timing in the continent of Africa, which is Eastern Africa, which is a region three hours ahead of world time, which is 10 countries: (Comoros – Djibouti – Eritrea – Kenya – Madagascar – Somalia – Tanzania – Uganda – South Sudan).
Because all of these countries are on the equator, the time difference between winter and summer is very small, which makes the use of daylight saving time useless.
Geographical site of the continent of Africa:
1- North Africa borders:
The Mediterranean and the continent of Europe The African continent approaches the continent of Europe at the island of Sicily and the Strait of Gibraltar. The Gibraltar region is the closest region between Africa and Europe and there have been attempts to link the continent of Africa with Europe through:
1- A railway tunnel below the Strait of Gibraltar by applying the model of the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France.
2-Through the bridge, it crosses the strait to reduce tunnel technical problems such as ventilation from car exhaust.
2- southern Africa borders:
The confluence of the Indian Ocean with the Atlantic Ocean, a vast region of water, separates Africa from Australia and Antarctica.
The Cape of Good Hope route is located in southern Africa, which is 140 kilometers from the capital of the South African country, but it is not the farthest point, the farthest point on the continent of Africa is called Cape Agulhas.
3- East Africa borders:
The Indian Ocean and the Red Sea – Africa connects with the continent of Asia at the Sinai peninsula and approaches it at the Bab al-Mandab and throughout history, all invasions and wars have entered into Africa through the Sinai peninsula, and although the continent of Africa is approaching the Asian continent at the Bab al-Mandab, attempts to enter from this The road is very few, including the emigration of Muslims to Abyssinia or Abramus attempt to demolish the Kaaba.
4- West Africa borders:
The Atlantic Ocean that separates the African continent from the North and South American continents and the oceans holds many painful memories, such as the way the slave trade passed from the African coast to the American coast, where millions of Africans were transferred to the world for cultivation in cotton and sugar cane plantations, and this is how. It is the Atlantic Ocean, in which the Africans were transported by slave ships.
5- The area of the continent of Africa:
It comes in second place after Asia in terms of area, with an area of 30.2 million km2, representing 20.4% of the land area.
There are thousands of islands around Africa, the largest of these islands Madagascar, which is a sovereign country, as well as some colonies, such as the Spanish Canary Islands, next to some of the islands that follow the countries, the most important of which is Zanzibar, which follows Tanzania.